A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint that presents as an enlargement at the joint base. The condition can promote the overstretching of tendons and ligaments near the toe, which causes pain and inflammation. Nevertheless, bunion development is not random. There are several possible causes:
Wearing Shoes that Don't Fit
Your fashionable shoes could sacrifice your feet. A shoe that is uncomfortably narrow can place large amounts of pressure on the sides of the foot, including the big toe joint. Over time, the area can become inflamed, and a bunion can develop.
Even when high heels fit properly, they can still make you more prone to bunions. Drastically elevating the heel causes most of your weight to rest on the front bottom of your foot. Normally, your foot would spread from your weight. However, when you wear high heels, the sides of the shoe prevent natural spreading. The big toe joint receives much of the pressure that would have been distributed to the sole of your foot. As a result, more than half of women in the U.S. have bunions.
As you get older, your joints can become more susceptible to inflammation. Studies show that bunions occur more regularly in older adults. In fact, 67 percent of people over the age of 65 develop bunions. However, they only occur in 25 percent of people who are 18 to 65.
Arthritis can be debilitating to joints. In addition, the discomfort from the condition can make it difficult to walk properly. Changing your gait can alter the pressure that is put on the big toe joint and increase your likelihood of bunion development.
You may be more prone to bunions because of heredity. The structure of your foot is genetically designed. As a result, bunions can run in your family.
Old Foot Injuries
Past trauma to your foot may cause a bunion to develop. An injury to the toe joint can promote chronic inflammation, which may lead to a bunion. In addition, a foot injury increases your chances of arthritis near the site of the injury.
A bunion can make it difficult for you to walk or stand comfortably. The enlargement of the big toe joint limits your shoe choices and can make you self-conscious about your feet. If you have developed a bunion and would like to have it removed, contact a podiatrist like Aboite Podiatry Associates PC today.